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Research paper on ecstasy

That ancient molecule is involved in regulating mood and social behaviors in invertebrates like locusts as well as vertebrates, like fish , dogs and humans.


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For Dr. Octopuses suspend their aggression for a few minutes to mate, perhaps accessing an otherwise switched-off neural signaling system — potentially similar to the one that helps humans behave socially, she reasoned. And any similarities in octopus and human genetic code related to this system could help her understand how the brain — down to its tiniest bits — evolved to govern social behaviors.

The drug eventually causes a flood of serotonin between synapses, increasing its signals. When the researchers compared the genome of the California two-spot octopus Octopus bimaculoides to those of other animals, they discovered humans and octopuses could both make this protein, and it was nearly percent similar at that special Pac-Man spot. Undosed, octopuses of either sex spent more time with the toy than the other octopus if it was a male; they seemed less concerned when it was female.

But after soaking in low-dose MDMA-laced baths, the octopuses seemed to relax. They spent more time with the male octopuses on the other side of the tank. The Navy found a medicine that makes hiding of having the trace of ecstasy on a person harder to hide. They found a better way to detect ecstasy with a certain drug exam that is ahead of technology Powerful Essays words 6.

Unlike marijuana which has long term affects, ecstasy can kill a person with one hit. It is a very dangerous drug, and is spreading like wildfire in the United States. Most teenagers take the drug without knowing the side affects such as depression and brain damage theantidrug. With more people trying the drug everyday, it is becoming harder for law enforcement to keep up with them There was so much information in the book about the rave scene and "ecstasy", I didn't know where to begin.

It's been ten years since the English seized on Detroit techno, Chicago house, and New York garage as the seeds of what's generally agreed-over there, at least-to be the most significant music since punk, and they're celebrating with a slew of historical studies. Simon Reynolds attempts to bridge the gap with "Generation Ecstasy," an exhaustive compendium of almost every rave-associated sound and idea, both half-baked and momentous, that traces the digital Diaspora back and forth across Europe and America Free Essays words 2 pages Preview.

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Although it is widely used, it has been proven to be dangerous. Ecstasy is a designer drug, which means it is synthetically made by street chemists. These people are not usually certified chemists and are in it for the money. This makes taking E even more dangerous. Ecstasy effects are very similar to Amphetamines and speed.

Although the chemical structure is not similar to these other drugs, the effect on the body is the same MDMA is most commonly referred to as Ecstasy and is a "synthetic, psychoactive drug with both stimulant amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic LSD-like properties".

MDMA is also a neurotoxin, which in high doses can raise body temperature and cause muscle and kidney breakdown that eventually leads to failure of the cardiovascular system While many scientists are convinced that there is a darker side to the euphoria-inducing pill than meets the eye, the millions of users insist that no such danger exists. In fact, while I conducted my research on the subject, I discovered that to some extent, the users' concept is true - ecstasy does seem to be far less harmful than any of the other popularized drugs of the century The author presents a vast amount of information about many aspects of the drug such as the history of the invention of the drug, information about how the drug effects people in different ways, positive reasons to use the drug, side effects and negative reasons to use the drug, and an overview of how the drug has been accepted into various societal groups Ecstasy use has become fairly widespread on college campuses and in rave and nightclub settings.

This paper will look at the mechanism through which MDMA acts, its neurotoxicity, and how users can reduce risk involved with ecstasy use. Ecstasy alters behavior by increasing serotonin levels in the brain In Tantra love is worship. This is the easy method to meet the ultimate bliss and ecstasy. Tantra considers man and woman two energies which unite to create new energy.

Tantra is based on the mutual love and respect for your opposite partner. Tantra is not a black magic or this has not to have any spell on anybody. It is the mutual trust love and respect that creates a undivided bond between the two loving souls. Once the intimacy is developed then doubt confusion jealousy cannot remain between the two loving partners Good Essays words 1. While reading this novel, I was able to identify some of the challenges Glenn faced and how I would prioritize those challenges according to my own experiences Research Papers words 6.

Oswald shares the story of a famous and successful composer and pianist, Glenn Gould. At the age of three, both parents realized that Glenn was talented and gifted with absolute pitch Ostwald , p. Term Papers words 5. Have you ever wondered how your life in the end will turn out to be. Have you at any time really taken control of you own life or do you simply not care. No one can live without dreams and aspirations, goals to reach. You have to strive for something in life; otherwise your life is at risk of becoming monotonous and uneventful.

Effects of MDMA

Having no dreams tends to isolate you. It is not unlike living in a box, an empty box, where everything feels the same The people of Cairo see Zaabalwi as a saint of sorts, who possesses physical healing and religious salvation. In all regards, it is an obvious symbol that has significance relating to spirituality. The narrator of the story has an incurable disease and believes that Zaabalwi can heal him because of what his father told him as a young boy The illicit use of a variety of drugs appears to be increasing.

Harriet de Wit: Ecstasy in the Laboratory - Recent Advances in MDMA Research

Generally, a drug can be a substance, other than those required for the maintenance of normal health, which by its chemical nature alters the structure or function of a living organism. In this essay, drugs are more appropriate defined as psychoactive drugs such as ecstasy and cannabis, which lead to the influence of the central nervous system in mood, thought and behaviour In addition to testing for their ability to recall information it also looked at the number of false memory that were related to the actual word "slow" in the class study.

In the experiment Dr. Earleywine used a list of words that were to be memorized, and recall in a given time. This study is related to another experiment conducted by A. C Parrott and J Good Essays words 2. This increase in activity can be either excitatory or inhibitory in nature depending on the neurotransmitter involved and which part of the reaction to the drug is taking place.

Powerful Essays words 4.

The early use of MDMA (‘Ecstasy’) in psychotherapy (1977–1985)

One way to separate the two will be to refer to the primary behaviors as those that occur during the use of the drug. This time span will include the behaviors that occur from the point of ingestion through the time when the effects of the drug wear off approximately hours after ingestion. At this point I will go on to discuss the secondary effects on behavior and how they are a result of the primary effects Pentheus is caught in a unique struggle of maintaining authority in his own kingdom and keeping allegiance to his favored god Apollo.

The appearance of Dionysus in Thebes raises a conflict for Pentheus in that he can not accept the authority of a god other than the one he has chosen to revere within his kingdom. Pentheus resists Dionysus supreme authority as a show of solidarity with Apollo and the laws of reason versus Dionysus and the disruption of civil order These effects can range from memory impairment and anxiety, to depression and mood swings.

They are a direct result of the chemical changes within the body that occur when someone uses ecstasy. I will discuss the range of effects in more detail, with explanations that get to the root causes for each. One of the major behavior changes, after the effects of the drug have worn off, is a symptom of the reduced levels of serotonin in the brain One of the most commonly reported experiences is a feeling of peace. Some users categorize this experience as a feeling of intense calm. They simply cannot imagine hostile or aggressive feelings towards any other person. This feeling objectively can be observed in the relative sedation of those experiencing a 'high' It is a very serious mind-altering, psychoactive drug that can kill you.

This drug can cause confusion, paranoia, sleep problems, anxiety and depression even after weeks of not taking it.

Octopuses on ecstasy just want a cuddle : Research Highlights

Ecstasy was first developed in as a diet pill or appetite suppressant and it was a legal substance until In the mids, ecstasy burst out in the streets becoming the most popular drug used in Raves wild all night parties because it helps you keep dancing and mood enhancement Ecstasy a. Because it is inexpensive and easily accessible, Ecstasy is gaining in popularity. However, there have been varying extents of specificity within the definition. Mircea Eliade defines shamanism as an archaic technique of ecstasy.

Shamanism, History, and the State by Nicholas Thomas and Caroline Humphrey debate that people have been corrupted with finding one definition of shamanism that they no longer take into account the controversy w In the course of the novel Michelangelo must overcome the interference of his family, religious dogma, political intrigue, papal patronage, military campaigns, and artistic jealousy to realize his artistic ambition. Free Essays words 5.

The Evolution of Ecstasy

Most users of this addictive drug is either at a club or on the street. Most users want ecstacy either because they heard of the high that they get from the use, or they are trying to impress their peers. They usually get into deep side effects. It is a normal component of mammalian metabolism. It is naturally found in every cell in the human body and is most properly considered a nutrient.

It is believed to be a neurotransmitter, although it is still unknown as to whether it exhibits all of the properties required to be considered one. GHB was first synthesized about thirty years ago by Dr. He was a French researcher interested in exploring the effects of GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid in the brain With more people trying the drug every day Teenagers and drug is an issue that gets talked about but never in dept. I have always known about the drugs that are considered hardcore: heroin, cocaine, and meth, but nobody has ever talked about ecstasy or now referred to by Molly Similar to other amphetamine derivatives, Ecstasy is a stimulant to the central nervous system.

As people became more knowledgeable about the euphoric effects of this drug, the demand for it became larger and larger. In the 's, Ecstasy was characterized as the "love drug". It was also used by psychologists and therapists to reduce hostility in marriage counseling sessions Free Essays words 7. Many practices and rituals such as rolfing, massage therapy, palm reading, meditation, yoga, and much more are considered New Age experiences. In the late s, he was enthused when he heard about MDMA as a benign and still legal psychedelic drug with therapeutic potential.

Ingrasci treated patients in about sessions from to One-third of the sessions were with couples Ingrasci, : 1.

Octopuses on ecstasy just want a cuddle

Using a careful medical examination excluding patients with epilepsy and cardiovascular diseases , Ingrasci never encountered a physical complication. This gentle, non-directive process continues for the next two hours. Please note I only use MDMA once or twice in the context of an ongoing individual or couple psychotherapeutic process.

Ingrasci, : 2. It puts a person in an unbelievable open frame of mind. Ingrasci in Gertz, : To sit with a couple. What [MDMA] does is, actually remove the fear of being real, of being authentic with yourself and with other people. Ingrasci, : 4. In this state, in which neurotic fears are dissolved, the couples were able to communicate in very direct, honest, and compassionate ways.

And because of the very alert and well-functioning cognitive state there is a good chance that these insights can be transferred into everyday life. MDMA-assisted therapy can be also useful for. MDMA holds promise of allowing a healing to take place on those primary feeling levels.


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Ingrasci in Eisner, : Ingrasci reports having given MDMA to eleven cancer patients.